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Abstract

Improved postoperative outcomes and the global drive toward the provision of patient-centred care underpins efforts to enhance the nature and capacity of patient participation in acute postoperative hospital care. In this paper, we describe the design, framework and processes used to develop a modular, procedure-specific, digital health intervention platform aimed at improving the patient experience and patient participation in care following surgery. The intervention, a multimedia application MyStay, uses bedside delivery of audio-visual and text-based information to engage postoperative patients to better participate in their care. MyStay modules are developed using an iterative, multi-method approach intended to balance procedure-specific best evidence, current clinical practice, and patient preferences. Development involves six key elements: (1) Empathise with target users, (2) Ground in evidence and behavioural theory, (3) Specify target behaviours, (4) Integration of health service standards and clinical care pathways/guidelines, (5) Build and refine the multimedia product and, (6) Pilot implementation to assess potential effectiveness and usability. To-date, we have developed four procedure-specific MyStay modules and an additional three are under development. Initial patient usage data for the Total Knee Replacement (TKR) and cardiac surgery applications indicated that users accessed a wide range of text-based and audio-visual information, most frequently recovery goals and exercises following TKR, and postoperative recovery information for the intensive care unit following cardiac surgery. As previous research that tested MyStay indicated its efficacy in optimising clinical postoperative outcomes, this framework may be useful in the development of other digital health innovations. Further research is required to assess patient and clinician engagement and determine whether MyStay is associated with improved patient outcomes across varied clinical contexts.

Experience Framework

This article is associated with the Innovation & Technology lens of The Beryl Institute Experience Framework (https://www.theberylinstitute.org/ExperienceFramework).

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